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Horsefly Bites! What you need to Know!

What are Horseflies?

Having dealt with over 20 bites at an event myself and my team covered last week i thought i would do a blog to warn people about the increase in Horseflies due to the weather, and give you some tips to help if you or your children get bitten. They’re large, dark-coloured flies which are around 1cm-2.5cm in size. They’re generally found near to cattle, horse stables, ponds, pools, woodlands, and grassy areas.downloadOnly females bite because they need blood to produce eggs. They have tiny razor teeth which cut into the skin, then they release an anti-coagulant to stop the blood from clotting while they enjoy their meal.

Horsefly Bites

Humans find horse-fly bites painful. Usually, a weal (raised area of skin) occurs around the site, and other symptoms may include urticaria (a rash), dizziness, weakness, wheezing, and angioedema (a temporary itchy, pink or red swelling occurring around the eyes or lips); a few people experience an allergic reaction. The site of the bite should be washed, and a cold compress applied. Scratching the wound should be avoided and an antihistamine cream can be applied.

Drawing round the bite

After being bitten i would always advise to draw round the outside of the wound with a biro and keep an eye on it, if the redness extends past the biro line within 24pri_47745634-e1501133963557hrs then this could mean your bite is tracking! this could be a sign of infection.

Seeking Help

In most cases, the symptoms subside within a few hours, but if the wound becomes infected, or your symptoms don’t start to improve within a few days or are getting worse and if you’ve been stung or bitten in your mouth or throat, or near your eyes you should seek advice from you GP STRAIGHT AWAY

How will i know if its infected?

Contact your GP or call NHS 111 for advice if: you’re worried about a bite or

  • a large area (around 10cm or more) around the bite becomes red and swollenimage2-7JPG
  • you have symptoms of a wound infection, such as pus or increasing pain, swelling or redness
  • you have symptoms of a more widespread infection, such as a fever, swollen glands and other flu-like symptoms

Treatment 

  • Wash the affected area with soap and water.
  • Apply a cold compress (such as a flannel or cloth cooled with cold water) or an ice pack to any swelling for at least 10 minutes.
  • Raise or elevate the affected area if possible, as this can help reduce swelling.
  • Avoid scratching the area, to reduce the risk of infection.
  • Avoid traditional home remedies, such as vinegar and bicarbonate of soda, as they’re unlikely to help.

The pain, swelling and itchiness can sometimes last a few days. over-the-counter treatments that can help, such paracetamol, calpol or ibuprofen for the pain and swelling. Anthiasan is a great antihistamine cream that can help with swelling and localised pain images

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